Phospholipid phosphatase 1
Magnesium-independent phospholipid phosphatase of the plasma membrane that catalyzes the dephosphorylation of a variety of glycerolipid and sphingolipid phosphate esters including phosphatidate/PA, lysophosphatidate/LPA, diacylglycerol pyrophosphate/DGPP, sphingosine 1-phosphate/S1P and ceramide 1-phosphate/C1P. Also acts on N-oleoyl ethanolamine phosphate/N-(9Z-octadecenoyl)-ethanolamine phosphate, a potential physiological compound. Through its extracellular phosphatase activity allows both the hydrolysis and the cellular uptake of these bioactive lipid mediators from the milieu, regulating signal transduction in different cellular processes. It is for instance essential for the extracellular hydrolysis of S1P and subsequent conversion into intracellular S1P. Involved in the regulation of inflammation, platelets activation, cell proliferation and migration among other processes. May also have an intracellular activity to regulate phospholipid-mediated signaling pathways (By similarity).