Long-chain fatty acid transport protein 2

Mediates the import of long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) into the cell by facilitating their transport across cell membranes, playing an important role in hepatic fatty acid uptake. Also functions as an acyl-CoA ligase catalyzing the ATP-dependent formation of fatty acyl-CoA using LCFA and very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) as substrates, which prevents fatty acid efflux from cells and might drive more fatty acid uptake. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LCFA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. Can also activate branched-chain fatty acids such as phytanic acid and pristanic acid. May contribute to the synthesis of sphingosine-1-phosphate. Does not activate C24 bile acids, cholate and chenodeoxycholate. In vitro, activates 3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-trihydroxy-5-beta-cholestanate (THCA), the C27 precursor of cholic acid deriving from the de novo synthesis from cholesterol. However, it is not critical for THCA activation and bile synthesis in vivo.; [Isoform 1]: Exhibits both long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) transport activity and acyl CoA synthetase towards very long-chain fatty acids. Shows a preference for generating CoA derivatives of n-3 fatty acids, which are preferentially trafficked into phosphatidylinositol.; [Isoform 2]: Exhibits long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) transport activity but lacks acyl CoA synthetase towards very long-chain fatty acids. {ECO:0000269|}.

PDB Code:
Active protein
Recombinant protein
Human Origin
Entry Name:
Gene Name:
Uniprot Accession:
Homo sapiens (Human)
Protein family:
ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme
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